Art History Professor Evie Terrono
Randolph-Macon College Art History Professor
Evie Terrono has been invited to present her paper entitled “Confederate Memories,
Southern Sympathies; Commemorating Lee and Jackson in Baltimore and Washington,
D.C.” at The Civil War in Art and Memory Symposium, which takes place November 8-9,
2013. The symposium, organized by the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.,
is held in conjunction with the current exhibition From Shadow to Substance: the
Massachusetts 54th Volunteer Infantry and the August St. Gaudens’ Memorial.
Terrono notes, “It is a distinct privilege for me to share my research with other
art historians whose scholarship is central to the historiography of the memory
and commemoration of the Civil and its aftermath.” Terrono’s recent scholarship
focuses on the politics of commemorative monuments of the Civil War and on American
racial politics and their impact on the formation of the American national identity
in the visual arts.
Her presentation will focus on the Lee and Jackson statue in Baltimore and the Lee
and Jackson Bay at the National Cathedral dedicated in 1948 and 1953, respectively.
These monuments were the culmination of two commemorative campaigns, originating
in the late 1920s and early 1930s, at a time when the ideology of the Lost Cause
nurtured partisan feelings in the South while calls for reconciliation in the North
reshaped the reception of these two Confederate generals in the minds and hearts
of Americans. The dedication of these “memory sites” also coincided with the emergence
of the Civil Rights movement in two cities marred by their own fraught past and
marked by Jim Crow laws well into the twentieth century.
Terrono notes that these “highly politicized monuments, funded entirely by individuals
and sharing commonalities in iconography, epitomize the intentions of those who
commissioned them to inscribe Lee and Jackson into a narrative of national healing
that obfuscated not only historical racial experiences but most importantly contemporary
“I am looking forward to the work of the other researchers on the panel,” says Terrono,
“because I always incorporate current scholarship in my teaching.” This year, she
is teaching a First-Year Experience course, Resistance
and Perseverance: African American Identities in Art and Literature from the Civil
War to Civil Rights, with English Professor
Justin Haynes. By
exploring two diverse, but often complementary creative traditions, those of literature
and the visual arts, students in this course engage with the problem of race and
more specifically of the “black” race in the mind and imagination of African American
artists and writers and their audience.
Terrono’s research on the Lee and Jackson monument in Baltimore was supported by
a Mednick Grant,
and subsequently she conducted her research on the Lee and Jackson Bay at the archives
of the National Cathedral in Washington D.C. An expanded version of her presentation
will be published in the National Gallery’s Studies in the History of Art Series
from Yale University Press.
Terrono joined the faculty in 1990. She earned a bachelor’s degree from University
of Crete (Greece), a master’s of art from Queen’s College, and a master’s of philosophy
and Ph.D. from The Graduate School and University Center, The City University of