HIST 100 - Introduction to History I: An introduction to the skills
and methods of historical study. Each section of the course may differ in content
by era, nationality, region, or topic but all sections include common goals and
requirements (click here for individual
descriptions). Students will be asked to reason historically, think clearly
and analytically, read critically and convey their understanding of change and continuity
through clear and concise essays. They will apply the skills learned by writing
a critical or comparative book review in which they judge how another historian
has applied those skills. Offered each term. Three hours. Staff.
HIST 101 - Introduction to History II: A continuation of History
100. This course builds on the skills and understanding developed in History 100
and extends it through more complex reading assignments and a research project in
which students fashion their own interpretation of a period or an event. Historical
skills are interrelated and cumulative. Sections will vary in content by era, region,
nationality or topic (click
here for individual descriptions); students may enroll in any section of
the course. Prerequisite: HIST 100. Offered each term. Three hours. Staff.
HIST 111 - Foundations of the Modern World I: This course is a
survey of history from the Classical era to the end of the 18th century. It explores
the development of the principal social, economic, political, religious, and intellectual
concepts that underlie today's global society. Emphasis is on the development of
European civilization, its interaction with Asia, Africa the Americas, and the Middle
East, and its rise to world dominance. The course also develops student's skills
in reading and writing, and in historical methodologies: chronology, narrative,
analysis, and abstract thinking. Offered only in fall semesters. Three hours. Staff.
HIST 112 - Foundations of the Modern World II: This course continues
the themes of Hist 111 in the 19th and 20th centuries. Emphasis is on the conservative,
liberal, radical, industrial and imperialistic forces in the nineteenth century;
it includes 20th century topics such as the First and Second World Wars; Communist
Revolutions, the Cold War, the collapse of European Imperialism, and contemporary
world events. Offered only in spring semesters. Three hours. Staff.
HIST 211 - United States to 1865: This course analyzes the cultural,
economic, political, and social developments of the European North American colonies
and the United States through the Civil War. It emphasizes the origins of American
nationalism and republican ideology during the colonial and revolutionary periods,
the rise of the two-party system, their maturation in the Federalist, Jeffersonian,
Jacksonian eras, and the social, economic, cultural, and political tensions that
culminated in the American Civil War. Offered every fall semester. Three hours.
HIST 212 - United States Since 1865: This is a continuation of
HIST 211, but may be taken out of sequence. The Civil War was a watershed moment
for the American people and marks the beginning of “modern” America. This course
traces that transformation, emphasizing the dramatic late-nineteenth century social,
economic, and political changes wrought by industrialization, immigration, and expansion
and that forged the powerful nation of the twentieth century--a century of conflict
at home and abroad that challenged and redefined American ideals. Offered every
spring semester. Three hours. Staff.
HIST 221 - Tokyo Past and Present: This is a travel course designed
to explore the history of Tyoko, Japan, the world's largest city. It includes two
weeks of instruction in Ashland and two weeks in Tyoko. While in Japan students
will have an opportunity to visit art and history museums; wander through traditional
neighborhoods and high-tech commercial centers; see sumo wrestling exhibitions and
kabuki plays; and explore other aspects of Japanese history and culture. japanese
language skills are not required, but Japanese language students will be encouraged
tro practice their skills in various settings. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.
Offered in alternate years during January term. Same as JAPN 221. Three Hours. Mr.
HIST 226 - Warfare in Antiquity: Most of Ancient History is military
history, and much of Greek and Roman art and literature treats wars, warriors and
their impact on society. This course will examine the practice of warfare in the
GreekPolis, the Macedonian Kingdoms, the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire. Themes
include the technical aspects (logistics, intelligence, strategy, naval warfare
and armor), but we will also examine the literary and artistic interpretations of
war and the socialogical and psychological aspects. No prior knowledge of military
history or Greco-Roman history is expected or required. Same as CLAS 226. Three
hours. Mr. Daugherty.
HIST 230 - The Ascent of Man: A seminar on turning points in the
cultural evolution of man, as surveyed in the television series by Jacob Bronowski.
As Bronowski wrote, Man ascends by discovering the fullness of his own gifts through
his understanding of nature and of self. Offered occasionally during January Term.
Three hours. Mr. Porter.
HIST 241 - England to 1690: This course begins with a rapid survey
of England's medieval experience and continues with a more detailed analysis of
the Tudor and Stuart reigns. Emphasis is on the origins of the English nation and
on the Seventeenth-Century Revolution. Offered alternate years. Three hours. Mr.
HIST 242 - England Since 1690: From the Glorious Revolution this
course extends the study of England into the modern era. The semester's emphasis
turns on the industrial revolution with its eighteenth-century origins, the creation
of a working class, and the impact of the empire receiving special attention. The
semester ends with Britain's gradual decline in the twentieth century. Offered alternate
years. Three hours. Mr. Porter.
HIST 250 - Women in European History: Did women have a Renaissance?
Have the great events and movements of European history affected women in the same
ways as men? Were women too busy giving birth and caring for children and homes
to have a role in, or an effect on, European history? In this course we will survey
Europe from the Middle Ages to the present to answer these questions and discover
women's place in European history. Offered alternate years. Same as WMST 250. Three
hours. Mrs. Watkinson.
HIST 251 - Colonial Latin America: The history of Latin America
from 1492 through the 1820s. Beginning with an introduction to the precontact American
and Iberian civilizations, this course will analyze: the Spanish and Portuguese
conquest and colonization; the major institutions and cultures of Latin America,
including the roles and influence of religion and African slavery; Native American
resilience; and the struggles behind independence and nation-building in the 1810s-1820s.
Offered alternate years during January Term. Three hours. Mr. Bergmann.
HIST 281 - Islam to the 14th Century: This courses provides an
overview of the development of the Middle East from the birth of Islam to the rise
of the Ottoman Empire. It seeks to acquaint students with the political, socio-economic,
cultural, and religious forces that shaped the lives of Middle Eastern peoples during
this period. Topics include: the life of the Prophet Muhammad; Islamic belief (Sunni
and Shi'i) and institutions; the foundation of the Islamic states; the Umayyad and
Abbasid Empires; the Mongol invasions; the Crusades. Offered alternate years. Three
hours. Mr. Fischbach.
HIST 282 - The Modern Middle East: An examination of the Middle
East (Egypt and the Arab East, Turkey, Israel, and Iran) from the 16th century to
the present. An effort is made to relate recurring upheavals in the area, including
conflicts between ethnic-religious groups and economic classes, to structural transformations.
Topics include: maturation of the Ottoman and Safavid empires; Western imperialism
and colonialism; Middle Eastern nationalism; the Arab-Israeli conflict; the economics
and politics of oil; the Islamic revival; and women's history. Offered alternate
years. Three hours. Mr. Fischbach.
HIST 301 - United States Social and Intellectual History to 1865:
A study of the culture of the people of the American colonies and the early republic.
Emphasis will be placed on the European origins of American thought as well as on
the philosophical and literary developments of antebellum America. Offered occasionally.
Three hours. Mr. Malvasi.
HIST 302 - United States Social and Intellectual History Since 1865:
A continuation of History 301. A study of the impact of industrialization and urbanization
on American life. Philosophical and literary trends are again stressed and related
to the two World Wars and the Great Depression. Offered occasionally. Three hours.
HIST 303 - Roman Britain: An interdisciplinary survey of the Roman
occupation of the British Isles based on readings of the historical sources in translation,
study of modern analyses, and close examination of the archaeological and artistic
remains. When taught in England, the course includes frequent visits to museums
and Roman and Celtic sites.Offered alternate years. Same as CLAS 303. Three hours.
HIST 311 - Greek History: A chronological survey of the political,
economic, social, and cultural aspects of Greek history from the Minoan and Mycenean
beginnings to the period of Roman domination. Offered alternate years. Same as CLAS
311. Three hours. Mr. Daugherty.
HIST 312 - Roman History: A chronological survey of the political,
economic, social, and cultural aspects of Roman History from the foundations to
the end of the ancient world. Offered alternate years. Three hours. Same as CLAS
312. Mr. Daugherty.
HIST 319 - Geographical History: This thematic course illustrates
how geographic methods and approaches can further our understanding of past societies
and civilizations. To do so, it uses the paradigm of the Atlantic World from 1400-1888.
It analyzes the relationships of Western European, West African, and North and South
American peoples to the places they inhabited and came to inhabit after 1400, as
well as the intraregional, interregional, and transoceanic networks that existed
and emerged after contact and colonization. It investigates how both regional and
hemispheric geographical attributes affected social and cultural development and
contributed to social, cultural, and political changes over time. Offered alternate
fall semesters. Three hours. Mr. Bergmann.
HIST 320 - Native American History: This course explores the major
political, economic, social, and cultural themes in Native American history from
the pre-contact era through the twentieth century and provides students with the
opportunity to conduct fruitful research into specific themes. The course will consist
of lectures and discussions surveying Native American history and methods of researching
it, as well as guided student research and presentations on chosen projects. Prerequisites:
HIST 211 or HIST 212 or permission of the instructor. Offered alternate fall semesters.
Three hours. Mr. Bergmann.
HIST 321 - Colonial America to 1763: This course will emphasize
the European background of the American colonies and the story of the settlements
in North America during the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. Attention
will be given to the social and intellectual aspects of colonial life as well as
to the developments of colonial government. Offered alternate years. Three hours.
HIST 322 - The American Revolution, 1763-1789: A continuation of
HIST 321. The chief subjects of discussion will be the development of British colonial
policy, colonial rivalries, the growth of American resistance to the mother country,
and the American Revolution. Offered alternate years. Three hours. Mr. Bergmann.
HIST 323 - The Early American Republic, 1789-1824: The Constitution
was only the starting point in the establishment of a national government; equally
important were the precedents set by the first generation of men who held office.
This course examines the origins of our present governmental system and explores
the beginnings of the shift from an agrarian economy to a commercial and industrial
one. Offered alternate years. Three hours. Mr. Bergmann.
HIST 324 - The Age of Jackson: This course surveys the history
of the United States from the election of 1824 to the outbreak of the Mexican War
in 1846. Primary emphases include the rise of democracy, the growth of the market,
and the ferment of social reform; Indian removal and territorial expansion; the
Bank War and the Nullification Crisis; the growth of Southern sectionalism and the
development of competing definitions of the Republic. Offered alternate years. Three
hours. Mr. Malvasi.
HIST 325 - The Crises of the Union, 1845-1861: This course surveys
the history of the United States from the outbreak of the Mexican War in 1846 to
the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861. Primary emphases include the debate over
territorial expansion and the spread of slavery; the collapse of the Second American
Party System; the general political upheaval of the 1850s; the election of Abraham
Lincoln; the secession of the southern states; the formation of the Confederacy;
and the outbreak of civil war. Offered alternate years. Three hours. Mr. Malvasi.
HIST 326 - The Civil War and Reconstruction: This course surveys
the history of the United States from the outbreak of Civil War in 1861 to the end
of Reconstruction in 1877. Primary emphases include: the military history of the
war; the political and social history of the Confederacy and the Union; and the
history of Reconstruction in the South. Offered alternate years. Three hours. Mr.
HIST 327 - The Gilded Age: This course surveys the history of the
United States from the end of Reconstruction in 1877 to the outbreak of World War
I in 1914. Primary emphases include the rise of big business and the organization
of labor; the growth of cities and the creation of urban politics; the agrarian
revolt and the Progressive reform movement; the transformation of American manners
and culture; the emergence of the United States as a world power. Offered occasionally.
Three hours. Mr. Malvasi.
HIST 328 - The United States in the Twentieth Century: This course
will narrate the changes in modern American economic, social, political, intellectual,
and diplomatic realms. Although History 212 is not a prerequisite, it is strongly
recommended. Offered occasionally. Three hours. Mr. Jefferson or Mr. Malvasi.
HIST 332 - The Problem of Slavery: This course surveys the history
of slavery in the Western Hemisphere. Primary emphases include the role of slavery
in the colonial expansion of Europe; the emergence of a unique ideology of slavery
in the Southern United States; the creation of Afro-Caribbean and African-American
cultures that enabled blacks to challenge slavery. Offered occasionally. Three hours.
HIST 333 - The Antebellum South: This course surveys the development
of Southern society from the founding of Jamestown in 1607 to the outbreak of Civil
War in 1861. Discussion will emphasize the origins and expansion of slavery, the
rise of the plantation economy, the relations between masters and slaves, the character
of Southern religion and thought, and the politics of secession. Offered alternate
years. Three hours. Mr. Jefferson.
HIST 337 - African-American History Since 1865: A chronological
and thematic exploration of African-American history since the Civil War. The course
examines and evaluates the legacy of slavery, the nature and evolution of African-American
culture and thought, the promise and perils of emancipation, the accomplishments
and failures of Reconstruction, the origins and consequences of segregation, the
struggle for civil and political rights, and the ongoing effort to create an integrated
society. Offered every third year. Three hours. Mr. Jefferson.
HIST 338 - The Black Novel as History: This course uses fiction
to explore the nature and meaning of African American history. Novelists studied
will vary. Writers considered in the past have included Charles Chestnutt, James
Weldon Johnson, Richard Wright, Chester Himes, Zora Neale Hurston, Ralph Ellison,
James Baldwin, Alice Walker, Toni Morrison, Gloria Naylor, Charles Johnson, and
Roger Mosley. Offered occasionally. Three hours. Mr. Jefferson.
HIST 342 - "The Godfather" as History: Few novels and films have
influenced American popular culture as deeply as has "The Godfather." More than
a lurid expose of organized crime, "The Godfather" is a tragedy in the classical
sense, which unmasks persistent truths about human nature, society, and the history
that complexities of modern life obscure. In this course, students will examine
"The Godfather" to discern the insights the novel and film offer into such perennial
questions as the nature of power, the sources of individual and social corruption,
the consequences of sin, the character of the good society, the meaning of virtue,
the efficacy of religion, and the relations between traditional culture (Gemeinschaft)
and modern society (Gesellschaft). Offered alternate years during January term.
Three hours. Mr. Malvasi.
HIST 352 - Victorian England: Queen Victoria's name has become
synonymous with the triumph of bourgeois values in the 19th century. This course
will make a close examination of Britain's economic ascendancy, liberal politics,
and the "Victorian Frame of Mind." Offered alternate years. Three hours. Mr. Porter.
HIST 354 - The Renaissance: During the fourteenth century, the
Italian peninsula witnessed an explosion of intellectual and artistic creativity
as classical forms were rediscovered and reinterpreted for contemporary purposes.
This course will explore this movement upon which came to be known in later centuries
as the Renaissance. Some of the topics covered will include civic and Christian
humanism, Renaissance self-fashioning, courtly culture, the Scientific Revolution,
the evolution of artist as hero, conspicuous consumption, and the development of
"taste." Offered alternate years. Three hours. Ms. Throckmorton.
HIST 355 - The Reformation: In 1500 most of Western Europe officially
subscribed to one brand of Christianity, the one articulated by the Catholic Church
in Rome. The events of the sixteenth century, the so-called "Iron Century," demonstrated
that the ties that bound Church, societies, and people could be, and in many cases,
were broken. This course examines how other expressions of Christianity emerged
in Western Europe during the early modern period, and the impact that these expressions
had on the way people approached God, society at large, and each other. This course
covers the Lutheran, Reformed, English, Radical, and Catholic Reformations. Offered
alternate years. Three hours. Ms. Throckmorton.
HIST 361 - Modern Egypt: Described as the only true nation in the
Arab world, Egypt has provided the modern Arab world with cultural and political
leadership even as it has preserved its unique identity and historical experience.
This course examines such crucial issues in modern Egyptian history (beginning in
the mid-eighteenth century) as Egypt's relationship with the great powers, state
industrialization, Islamic reformism, Arab nationalism and Arab socialism, Third
Worldism, cultural production, the Arab-Israeli conflict, and the experiences of
ordinary Egyptians. Offered alternate years. Three hours. Mr. Fischbach.
HIST 367 - Arab-Israeli Conflict: At its heart, the Arab-Israeli
has revolved around different nationalisms struggling for exclusive control of the
same piece of territory, alternatively called Palestine or Israel. This course explores
the contending Arab and Zionist claims to the land during the 19th and 20th centuries
and discusses the course of the resulting struggle. It also examines by-products
of the conflict, including socio-economic, political, and psychological ramifications
for Jews and Arabs both in Palestine-Israel and beyond. Speaking-intensive. Offered
alternate years. Three hours. Mr. Fischbach.
HIST 375 - Royal France: The growth and development of the French
nation from ancient Gaul through the reign of Louis XIV - Charlemagne and the rise
of feudalism; the first Capetians; Louis IX, Philip IV, and the foundation of absolute
monarch; the Hundred Years' War; Francis I and the French Renaissance; Henry II
and the religious civil wars; Henry IV, Richelieu, Mazarin and the consolidation
of monarchical power. Louis XIV, the majesty of Versailles and its legacy. Offered
alternate years. Three hours. Ms. Throckmorton.
HIST 376 - Modern France: The nature of the absolute monarchy in
the eighteenth century; Louis XV, Louis XVI, and the Enlightenment; the Revolutionary
and Napoleonic eras; the Restoration and the Revolution of 1830; Louis-Philippe
and the Revolution of 1848; the Second Republic and the Second Empire of Louis Napoleon
Bonaparte. The Third Republic and the two world wars; the Fourth Republic and its
demise; DeGaulle, the Fifth Republic, and contemporary developments. Offered alternate
years. Three hours. Mrs. Watkinson.
HIST 380 - Spain in the Modern Era: Within a century of its founding,
Spain had become the most powerful empire in the West. Two centuries later she was
an economic and political backwater. This course surveys Spain's history from its
formation as a state through its phase of imperial greatness, its battle between
the old regime and liberalism and its twentieth-century against fascism to the present
political equilibrium. Primary emphases are on the creation of a Spanish national
identity, the continuing role of the Church, Spain's shifting position in the European
balance of power, the class struggle, and the search for economic and political
visibility. Offered alternate years. Three hours. Mrs. Watkinson.
HIST 386 - World War I: A research seminar on the "Great War."
World War I (1914-1919) was a transforming experience in world history. This course
will take a close look at the war in general and each student will study one aspect
of the war in detail. Offered alternate years during January term. Three hours.
HIST 387 - Problems in Contemporary Europe, 1900 to the Present:
A survey of selected problems in the history of modern Europe. Special emphasis
on the causes and consequences of war, fascism, communism, the Common Market, and
Europe's colonial withdrawal. Offered alternate years. Three hours. Mrs. Watkinson
HIST 391 - Ancient, Mughal, and British India to 1857: The origins
of Indian civilization and classical Hinduism; the Sultanate of Delhi; Akbar the
Great, the Mughal Empire and its decline. European penetration; the Portuguese;
Anglo-French rivalry and the dominion of the East India Company; British expansion;
the nature of the Indian Mutiny and its aftermath. Problems of analysis and interpretation.
Offered occasionally. Three hours. Mrs. Watkinson.
HIST 392 - Modern India, Pakistan and Bangladesh: The impact of
European rule on the subcontinent: the nature of British imperial government; modernization
and social change. The rise of Indian nationalism: the Indian National Congress
and constitutional developments; the First World War and the Amritsar massacre;
Mahatma Gandhi; Muslim separatism, the transfer of power and Partition. The problems
of independent South Asian governments, contemporary developments and problems of
historiography. Offered alternate years. Three hours. Mrs. Watkinson.
HIST 394 - Japan: Starting in the Tokugawa Era (1603-1868), this
course will examine Japan's social and philosophical tradition before turning to
nation building and Japanese contact with foreign powers. Interwoven is critical
analysis of Japanese culture and society with emphasis on the socio-economic situation
today. Offered alternate years. Three hours. Mr. Munson.
HIST 396 - Modern China, 1800 to 1949: A survey of the process
of modernization. The course will discuss traditional Chinese society, the penetration
of Western civilization, and the rise of Chinese nationalism which culminates in
the founding of the People's Republic in 1949. Offered alternate years. Three hours.
HIST 397- Modern China, 1949 to the Present: A close look at the
goals, achievements, and problems of China since 1949. Conducted primarily as a
seminar, this course examines topics such as education, political structure, the
economy, population, and women. Although not a prerequisite, HIST 396 is strongly
recommended. Offered alternate years. Three hours. Mr. Porter.
HIST 401 - Capstone: A culminating experience in which a history
major will integrate, extend and apply knowledge and skills from the students general
education and major programs. Enrollment is through a project contract which may
include one of the following: student teaching, a study abroad experience of one
semester or more in duration, a departmental honors course, a research experience
outside of a class, or a significant research project completed in conjunction with
a regularly scheduled major course. Students must file with the department chair
Capstone Proposal Form and a
Capstone Completion Form. Prerequisites: Senior status or junior status
with consent of Chair. Offered each term. Zero hours. Staff.
HIST 450 - Internships in History: Qualified students may combine
their classroom knowledge with practical experience in internship placements in
government, business, law, museums, research institutes, or other fields. Students
will complete a project mutually agreed on by the student, the supervisor, and the
instructor. Open to juniors and seniors with permission of the department. Application
required; see http://www.rmc.edu/academics/internships.aspx
for Bassett Internship Program information. Offered on request to eligible students.
Three hours. Staff.
HIST 451 - Internships in History: Open to students who have completed
HIST 450 and who wish to continue an internship or arrange a second and different
experience. Open to juniors and seniors with permission of the department. Application
required; see http://www.rmc.edu/academics/internships.aspx
for Bassett Internship Program information. Offered on request to eligible students.
Three hours. Staff.
HIST 481-482 - Special Topics in History: These courses focus on
historical topics not specifically covered in the general curriculum and are designed
to meet the needs of advanced students. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.
Three hours. Staff.
HIST 487-488 - Departmental Honors: For students enrolled in the
Honors Program. The course of study will involve a program of reading and research
in an area of history appropriate to the student's interest. Offered on request
to eligible students. Three hours or six hours. Staff.
HIST 491-492 - Independent Study: An independent study under the
guidance of a member of the department. At least a 3.25 cumulative grade point average
and approval by the curriculum committee are required. Offered on request to eligible
students. Three hours or six hours. Staff.
HIST 497-498 - Senior Project:This individual study program for
history majors is designed to give students an introduction to historical bibliography
and the techniques of historical research. Conferences and a major research paper
will be required. Taught on request, if qualified. Six hours. Staff.
History Courses Offered through the Randolph-Macon Study Abroad Program
in England at Wroxton College:
HIST 3422- Britain in the Modern Era: A history of Britain in the
20th century, which will focus on the political, social, economic, and cultural
developments which have made contemporary Britain. Three hours.
History Courses offered through the Randolph-Macon Study Abroad Program
in France at the Sorbonne:
HIST 375 - History of France from the Middle Ages to the XVIII Century:
This course includes two series of lectures. The first, the Historical Evolution
of France, offers a study of the origins of French civilization from the Gallo-Roman
era to the beginning of the eighteenth century. The aim of the second series of
lectures entitled History of Ideas is to present the fundamental traits of French
civilization through 1) a study of important French philosophers, 2) an analysis
of the evolution of concepts such as civilization, progress, and the philosophy
of history, and 3) discussion of the implication of these concepts in France's history
from the fifteenth century to the nineteenth century. Prerequisites: French 232.
Students taking this course may not take French 261. May be counted toward a major
in history. Three hours.